Date the birth of the city of Saluzzo is not easy: the first documents that cite it are approximately the year 1000, but the discovery of numerous archaeological finds from the Roman period are reasons to believe that the first settlements in Saluzzo date back to long before . Saluzzo is part of the Province of Cuneo and is located downstream of the Monviso; initially small village, Saluzzo owes its initial development to the decision to make it the capital of his domains of the first Marquis Manfredi (XII century). So, from the village became a fortified city complete with a castle and double wall protection, and started its expansion that led it to incorporate many surrounding territories.
Were the successors of the first Marquis Manfredi – Ludwig I and Ludwig II – in the fifteenth century, to transform it: economic development, prosperity due to a long period of peace and attention to the arts and letters, became the Marquis of Saluzzo (which remained independent for four centuries) into a vital center, rich and elegant. He built the imposing Cathedral, he dug the “Buco di Viso” first tunnel dug in the Alps to facilitate communication with the south of France, is practiced important interventions in irrigation systems in order to support and develop the agriculture and crafts and worked in the restructuring so important to transform the center of Saluzzo – lying in a radial pattern on the hill – the jewel of art and architecture that we can still admire.
Arriving in Saluzzo, from anywhere you come from, you can look down immediately at the top of the hill dominated by the majestic castle of the Marquis who, overlooking the medieval village lying at its feet, stands out sharply from the stunning backdrop represented by Monviso. The castle – called “La Castiglia” – is the symbol of the importance that even the smallest town has been able to acquire in the course of its history. Wanted by the Marquis Tommaso I, was erected between 1270 and 1286 using the foundations of earlier fortifications, a complex of several buildings that, perhaps, help to define the name of the new manor (Castiglia is the plural in Latin of castle ). His being situated on the summit of the hill was, of course, a choice made for defense purposes and control, as well as to point out to the visitor the “greatness” of the Marquis.
Over the centuries, the castle saw remakes and breakups, with a downward spiral that led him to become a barracks before (during the Napoleonic occupation) and then even prison, in 1825 Everything made that are destroyed the furniture, the paintings , marbles and frescoes that decorated. Only in 2006 was initiated a process of recovery and restructuring to return the castle to the city and to visitors: its spaces will host the historical archive, museum spaces and events of major importance, and even a space for the catering of the highest quality