The Piedmont Region has recognized in 1975 the importance of the nature and of the natural environment as a universal value for current and future generations, redefining the rules for the conservation of biodiversity and land management. There are 92 protected areas totaling 88,800 acres managed by Instrumental Institutions and Local Authorities. In addition to the regional protected areas, Piedmont has two national parks: the Gran Paradiso, established in 1922, and the Val Grande, established in 1992. Particular importance have the system of the range of the Po River that affects the entire stretch of the river in Piedmont, 235 km long. The regional system of protected areas are an integral part of the seven “Sacred Mountains” Piedmont (Crea, Varallo, Orta, Ghiffa, Belmonte, Domodossola and Oropa) inserted in 2003 in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
In Piedmont, a vacation in contact with the environment are certainly a fascinating solution to the many and various aspects of that nature offers: lakes and rivers, forests and hills, mountains and caves, all in a harmonious landscape painting with the many colors offered from different seasons.
Almost entirely surrounded by the Alps, Piedmont opens to the Po valley just to the east. On the mountainous arch stands the Monviso mountain, from which the river Po born. Highly suggestive, the Monviso dominates the western Piedmont Alps, in the Cuneo area, meets the findings of the Maritime Alps around the massif of the Argentera. To the north you can see the deep rift valleys of Susa, which – at the edge of the Alps Graie – stands the imposing isolated Rocciamelone with the legendary peaks and glaciers of the Gran Paradiso. Further east dominates the landscape the Monte Rosa, the second highest peak in Europe.
What is certain is that over the mountains is a vocation of Piedmont. To cross the Alps, to overcome the dangers of the glaciers, bandits, armies: the story of the crossing of the Alps is intertwined with the origins of the European continent. Transited through the Alps shepherds and travelers, artists and armies of conquest, trade and merchants, knowledge and cultures: first by mule, with slides and sedans, then through the first muetrack, until the time of the tunnels starting with the Frejus. The richness of the environmental heritage of the mountains of Piedmont is extraordinary: from the Natural Parks of Pesio and from the Maritime Alps ,to Alpe Veglia-Devero of Ossola, from the National Park of Gran Paradiso to that of Val Grande, the Valtroncea in Alta Val Chisone, the forest of the Gran Bosco di Salbertrand in Val di Susa and the large extensions of the Orsiera-Rocciavrè, the whole area abounds in natural reserves.
In this environment, lush vegetation houses typical alpine fauna: deer, roe deer, chamois, ibex, golden eagles. From nature is also the taste of the roots that allows you to tell the quality of the territory at the table. Nothing like the food, in fact, can testify to the quality of life, the richness of a tradition frugal and mountain full of strong flavors: wine and cheese, berries, chestnuts, mountain potatoes, venison, beef breeding, sweets and herb liqueurs. Next to these are added the now international delicacies, the precious white truffles of the Langhe, mushrooms, chestnuts selected, cheese like the “castelmagno”,” the raschera” and wines mountain outspoken. The nature and the land that thanks to the products table are transformed into the culture of taste combine tourists and consumers for the recovery of the nature and culture of the Piedmont region, less and less unknown. Other natural scenes the visitor discovers them along the shores of the many lakes, from Lake Maggiore to Lake of Orta, and the lakes of Avigliana, Viverone and Candia near Turin.